A Psychologist is a trained professional that diagnoses and treats people’s behavior and mind to help ease their psychological stresses. In North America, there are laws in different states about who can be called a trained Psychologist. For example, in some places you need to have a Doctorates Degree in Psychology to be called a Psychologist; while other states allow individuals with a masters in Psychology and relevant experience to call themselves Psychologists.
If you wish to become a Psychologist, you should start planning as early as high school if you are a dedicated student. Choose a psychology course to add to your class schedule and this will eventually help you in college, especially when you’re going when already having a basic knowledge of the course.
To get into a good college at the time of admission, the students who have more credits in science subjects get preference over the humanities students. But humanity students have the benefit of having more knowledge on the subjects of human behavior and human history.
So at entry level i.e. high school level bear the following points in mind if you aspire to become a psychologist:-
- Choose a few psychology courses and earn good credits in them.
- Volunteer in human based activities.
- Make sure you have math, statistics, sciences and humanities subjects that are relevant for a university course in psychology.
- Shortlist the universities you wish to apply at and get good SAT scores.
After going through the rigmarole of undergraduate admissions, when you have enrolled in a bachelor course of your choice and have started your freshman year ensure a few other points to streamline your education to becoming a Psychologist. Once you are aspiring for a professional vocation you need to study with zeal and interest. When you can be claimed to be a good student, your academic adviser will help you devise a course plan which will cover general education and Psychology courses over the four years of your graduation.
Through the course of your undergrad course you will be able to decide the field of Psychology that you wish to pursue, in that case you may revise your course plan to include more electives of that field in your course.
After this you have to decide on you graduation from psychology course. There is the doctorate of philosophy in psychology as there is doctorate of psychology. Between the two you have to decide if you want to be a practicing psychologist dealing only with clients then you may go for the doctorate of psychology but if you ant to pursue some research along with treating patients then you should choose doctorate of philosophy in psychology.
There are certain tips for graduate students too:
- Do your internship under a good Psychologist who will train you well.
- Try to decide on your field of choice that you wish to pursue as your career.
- Earn high grades and strike a good relationship with teachers and mentors.
- Plan your dissertation and thesis as early and in as planned a manner as you can.
Thinking about selecting Psychology as your long term profession? Congratulations! This occupation opens numerous doors, and you can use your expertise in numerous jobs! Jobs in Psychology are adaptable.
The variety of career choices depends on the diploma you earn. With a Bachelor’s degree in psychology you’ll have fewer options than with a Master’s degree. To really expand your professional opportunities as well as your salary, you must pursue a post-graduate degree.
For those entering the field, an undergraduate degree in psychology gives you a broad array of profession options which may well fulfill your occupation ambitions. So, just before you might be choosing regardless of whether to take learning in direction of Master’s diploma, seem via accessible careers in psychology with a bachelor’s degree. You will find a big possibility you discover your market and enjoy it!
So through which fields’ Bachelor’s degree holders could utilize their expertise? Undergraduate psychology college students may possibly discover by themselves functioning while in the fields of wellness treatment, administration, training, legislation, sports activities. The understanding of psychology is very crucial just about everywhere! And it can be as much as you what to decide on.
Need to perform within the particular configurations? No difficulties! Careers in psychology with a bachelor s degree presuppose employment opportunities in selection of options. Counseling centers, non-public practices, hospitals, clinics etc. Each one of these occupation paths belong to your place of medical psychology. Other fields supply a lot more possibilities for proprietors of Bachelor’s in psychology.
Within a nutshell, using this diploma 1 can use their information in lots of techniques. You simply must outline that which you favor to complete. Jobs with undergraduate diploma in psychology let pupils to function as assistants in non-public psychologist workplaces, local community centers, and rehabilitation offices. You might be engaged into your investigation. Pupils with Bachelor’s degree in psychology typically decide to turn out to be product sales or administration trainees in company.
Even so, jobs with undergraduate diploma in psychology aren’t as various just like graduate. Bachelor’s degree packages never give sufficient teaching to in shape a lot of profession areas. Anyways, a lot of people are pleased with what this diploma can supply.
Finding a Bachelor’s degree in psychology could turn into a terrific commencing position of your respective occupation. When your Bachelors in psychology are finished you could opt to function or carry on learning in direction of the Master’s diploma. Stick to the choice which will allow you to realize your objectives and carry out your goals. So believe meticulously that which you wish to do for residing and move from there!
There are several types of graduate programs in psychology, the most common ones being: experimental, developmental, social, biopsychology, cognitive, clinical, counseling, school, and organizational psychology (also known as industrial-organizational psychology, or simply “IO”) . These last four (clinical, counseling, school, and IO) are considered by the American Psychological Association (APA) to be the four distinct areas of applied psychology.
Other more specialized graduate programs might be devoted to sports psychology, psychology and law, or behavioral medicine. Large psychology departments at large universities may include many of the most common programs, but most universities will only have a few of them.
The best source of information about these various programs is the book Graduate Study in Psychology published by the American Psychological Association. It lists, by state, most of the graduate psychology programs in this country. It includes information about admission criteria, how many students are accepted each year, number of faculty members, and where to get more information and an application.
WHAT TO DO TO GET IN TO A GOOD COLLEGE
Grade point average is one index that many graduate schools take very seriously. Obviously, the higher your GPA the better your chances of getting in. Very competitive programs may look for GPAs at 3.5 or higher. Less competitive programs may accept 3.O or a bit lower.
LETTER OF RECOMMENDATION
Many graduate schools will require you to take the Graduate Record Exam. That’s right! It’s the SATs all over again, but on a slightly bigger scale! The GREs consist of three sections: verbal, math (quantitative), and analytic (which measures abstract thinking).
YOUR PERSONAL STATEMENT:
There probably is wide variation in how graduate schools react to your written personal statement in which you describe yourself and your reasons for going to graduate school. Some might take it quite seriously, others may not pay much attention. Play it safe. Spend some time on it and prepare a well thought out letter. Avoid platitudes like “I’m really interested in psychology” or, for a counseling or clinical program, “I want to work with people.” Would you be applying for graduate school if you didn’t feel that way?
If you really want to do it right, TAILOR your letter for each program you apply to. Say something about your background, your accomplishments, what exactly about psychology interests you, what you plan to do in the future BUT ALSO STATE EXACTLY WHY IT IS YOU ARE APPLYING TO THAT PROGRAM. What is it about the program that attracts you? How will it benefit you, and what do you have to offer it? Be as specific as possible. If you are interested in one or more of their faculty member’s work, say so! If you are interested in a particular program, say so! And explain why you are interested!
Cognitive psychology has its foundations in the Gestalt psychology of Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, Kurt Koffka, and in the work of Jean Piaget, who studied intellectual development in children.
Cognitive psychologists are interested in how people understand, diagnose, and solve problems, concerning themselves with the mental processes which mediate between stimulus and response.
Cognitive theory contends that solutions to problems take the form of algorithms—rules that are not necessarily understood but promise a solution, or heuristics—rules that are understood but that do not always guarantee solutions.
In other instances, solutions may be found through insight, a sudden awareness of relationships.
Many different professions may be involved in studying mental illness or distress.
Psychiatrists and clinical psychologists are particularly interested in this area and may either be involved in clinical treatment of mental illness, or research into the origin, development and manifestations of such states, or often, both.
More widely, many different specialties may be involved in the study of psychopathology.
For example, a neuroscientist may focus on brain changes related to mental illness.
Therefore, someone who is referred to as a psychopathologist, may be one of any number of professions who have specialised in studying this area. Psychiatrists in particular are interested in descriptive psychopathology, which has the aim of describing the symptoms and syndromes of mental illness.
This is both for the diagnosis of individual patients (to see whether the patient’s experience fits any pre-existing classification), or for the creation of diagnostic systems (such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) which define exactly which signs and symptoms should make up a diagnosis, and how experiences and behaviours should be grouped in particular diagnoses (e.g.clinical depression, schizophrenia). Psychopathology is not the same as psychopathy, which has to do with antisocial personality disorders and criminality.
Cognitive psychologists may be used in the educational setting as guidance counselors. They may also be eligible for secondary/post-secondary teaching or school administration with further certification likely. At the corporate level, they may be used in marketing and human resource departments to help in hiring, employee culture, and brand development.
Generally, the salary expectations for cognitive psychologists depend on which sector employs them. Educators earn less except those working in school administration. Public and private sector professionals command higher salaries as do those in private consulting firms. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported as of 2010 these professionals earned a mean annual wage of around $90,000.
Cognitive Psychology Education and Training
As with the field of social psychology and many other subspecialties, cognitive psychologists cannot find gainful employment in their field with anything less than a master’s. As the field grows more competitive, doctorate degrees in a related psychology field are necessary. One should check their state licensing requirements before moving forward.
So you’ve decided to go to psychology graduate school, but now you face a difficult question: What graduate school should you choose? While you may know exactly what you want to study and have a specific career goal, not all psychology graduate programs are created equal. For this reason, it is vital that you thoroughly explore a number of factors before you choose the graduate school in psychology that is right for your needs, interests and goals.
Where Is the School Located?
When you are comparing different psychology graduate schools, carefully consider the school’s location. Do you plan on moving away to attend graduate school, or would you prefer to remain closer to family and friends? If possible, visit each school, spending some time touring both the campus and local community. Is it in a rural or urban area? Think about your own needs and wishes and then prepare a list of pros and cons for each area.
How Much is the Cost of Attendance?
Psychology graduate schools vary widely in terms of tuition and fees, so it is important to realistically consider your current financial situation. Prepare an estimate of yearly tuition and living expenses for each school you are considering and compare it with your savings, yearly earnings and willingness to acquire debt. Do you plan on taking out student loans to pay for school, or are you planning to utilize your current savings? Are there scholarships or graduate assistantships that you could apply for that would help pay for psychology graduate school.
What is the Program’s Teaching Philosophy?
Each psychology graduate school has a different approach to teaching and emphasizes different aspects of psychology in the curriculum. If you plan on working in academia or research after graduation, consider programs that emphasize experimental methods, psychological theory and research experience. If you want to work directly in patient care, you will want to look for programs that offer coursework in clinical topics and allow students to practice skills in real-world situations.
What Type of Degree Does the Program Offer?
Carefully consider the degree options of each psychology graduate school. Does the department offer a general degree, or can you specialize your field of study? Request a course catalog and look at the type of courses the department offers. Also check that the program and curriculum meets state requirements for licensing or certification in your chosen field.
What Is the School’s Reputation?
First and foremost, make sure that the psychology graduate school you are applying to is accredited. Accreditation requirements ensure that the program meets a certain level of quality and that the coursework and faculty can provide adequate training and education. Do graduates of the program seem satisfied with their experience? Ask the department for information on where graduates of the program found employment and the availability of job search assistance.